The medlar appears in the markets with the arrival of spring, from April to June, making it one of the most desirable fruits of the season for its exquisite taste, refreshingly tart.
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A beautiful fruit
The medlar is a fruit of the tree of the same name that adorns orchards and gardens in many parts of the Mediterranean coast and which cultivation is widespread throughout the Levant and southeastern Spain.
The hemispherical shape of its fruit, its thin, hard skin, Deep orange-yellow, pulp sweet and acid at a time, and large brown seeds inside houses, give them personality and a great ornamental value.
A fruit of Asian origin
A native of southeastern China, loquat arrived in Europe in the late eighteenth century thanks to the merchant marine plying the routes from east to become an ornamental tree. Already in the nineteenth century, began the use of fruit in all Mediterranean coast, Which was well suited in areas of citrus cultivation. In Spain, he quickly acclimated to the Valencia coastIn particular Sagunto, then spread throughout the Levant and Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula. Currently, Alicante, Granada, and Malaga are the major producing provinces Spanish of this unique fruit. In the world, the main producing countries are China and JapanBut also included the production of India, Brazil, the USA, and the countries of the Mediterranean, including Spain.
The loquat and its varieties
aponica Lindl) and European medlar or medlar (Mespilus germanica), both from the same botanical family (Rosaceae), but of different genders and characteristics.
The European medlar presents a harsh and sour taste, due mainly to its high tannin content, which prevents fresh consumption, being more appreciated in this respect loquat, taste softer and less astringent.
In fact, we usually eat the loquat derives from the variety Japonica Lindl Eriobotryae, Native to southern China, due to its good acclimation and spread through southern Japan, adopted the “name” of japonica.
In our country, since 1992, there are some persimmons from Japan with the designation of origin “Callosa d ‘En Sarrià (Alicante) whose production accounts for almost 70% of the national total and 90% of the medlar of Valencia.
Among the most popular varieties to be found in markets, are the following:
- Algerie: An early variety, very productive. Constitutes over 80% of the province of Alicante. Its fruits are small, yellow skin and flesh, sweet taste, but something stronger, and juicy.
- Tanaka: A variety of somewhat later maturity is more prone to sunburn and has larger fruit, great tasting.
- Algar: It has rounded off at the base and elongate into the stem, yellow-orange skin and juicy flesh, though slightly more acidic than golden nugget variety.
- Golden nugget: The fruits have a globose, almost round. The same skin is dark orange, with small brown spots, and very juicy flesh is orange, which makes it possibly one of the sweetest varieties.
- Plush: A variety of emerging markets. Its fruit is large, elongated and contorted, wrinkled skin and pale yellow color. Its pulp is fleshy, juicy and sweet.
Loquat, a very healthy option
Persimmons can be very desirable in certain disorders and illnesses according to their nutrient composition and nutritive substances.
Although it is clear that a possible therapeutic action of some compounds would need to take larger amounts than those present, The fact is that the loquat fruit can be highly desirable in:
- Diabetes. Numerous studies have highlighted the possible anti-diabetic action of extracts of the medlar. Responsible for this action may appear to be non-nutritive substances of terpenoid nature that could reduce blood glucose levels.
- Liver disease. Although it is unknown which compound is responsible for its beneficial action on the liver, the medlar is recommended for liver diseases and disorders that present with ascites (fluid in the womb) or hepatomegaly (enlarged liver).
- Intestinal disorders that present with diarrhea. The medlar fruit may be ideal for certain infectious diarrhea and gastroenteritis, enterocolitis, and colitis, which seems to help in regulating bowel activity, and also advised in stomach problems.
- Kidney. Its high water, about 3 / 4 parts, this fruit makes an excellent way to provide water to the body, somehow facilitating the production of urine and helping to eliminate toxins. Recommended for use in case of gout, excess uric acid, and kidney stones.
- Respiratory. Some people attributed some antiviral action, against rhinoviruses causing the common cold, natural aromatic substances triterpenic present in this fruit, but there are no sufficient scientific studies to confirm this possible effect.
- Overweight. This fruit, for its fiber and water content, stands as an important ally of the diets. Furthermore, the presence of pectin from their fiber content helps normalize cholesterol levels.
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