Encyclopedia f Red Orange, Blood Orange


The three cultivars of red-orange are the most common Tarocco (native to Italy ), the Sanguinello (native to Spain ), and the Moro, the latest variety. Other less known are the Khanpur, Washington Sanguine, Ruby Blood, Sanguine Double Fine, Delfino, Red Valencia, Valencia Burris, Vaccaro, Sanguine grosse ronde, Entre Fina and Sanguinello to pignu.  Although also pigmented, the Cara Caras Sanguigno Vainiglia and get their color due to lycopene, and not the anthocyanins as red oranges.


The Moro orange color is the strongest of all sanguine, with dark red flesh and a bright red shell. The flavor is stronger and more intense odor than a normal orange. It has a distinctive sour taste with some degree of sweetness, while its aroma includes a touch of raspberry. This variety is more bitter than Tarocco and Sanguinello. It is believed that emerged in the early nineteenth century in the citrus growing areas near Lentini as a mutation of Moscato Sanguinello. The Moro is a “dark red orange” which means that the meat is orange with streaks of ruby, through the vermilion and crimson to almost black.


It is believed that the name Tarocco comes from an exclamation of wonder expressed by the farmer who taught the fruit its discoverer. It is a medium-sized fruit and perhaps the sweetest and most delicious variety of all three. It is the most popular table orange in Italy , and they think it comes from a mutation of the Sanguinello. It is called “semirroja” because the meat is red as pronounced as the Moro and Sanguinello. His skin is thin and orange, with light touches of red. The Tarocco orange is one of the world’s most popular for its sweetness (the Brix level is usually above 12.0) and juiciness. Has the highest content of vitamin C for all orange varieties grown worldwide, mainly due to the fertile soil surrounding the Etna where it is grown, and is easy to peel. The Tarocco no seeds.
The University of California has identified three subcultivares of Tarocco: the Bream Tarocco, which was originally donated by Robert Bream of Lindsay (California) , is a fruit of medium to large with few or no seeds, the Tarocco # 7, or CRC 3596 Tarocco, is known for its taste, but it has a crust with little or no staining, and the Thermal Tarocco, which was donated by A. Newcomb of Thermal Plaza Nursery in Thermal (California) .


The Sanguinello, discovered in Spain in 1929, has reddish skin, few seeds, and a sweet and tender. It looks like the Moro. Mature in February, but can remain on trees unharvested until April. It may last until the end of May. Your skin is compact, light yellow with a red hue. The flesh is orange with multiple blood-colored streaks


Citrus fruits have been cultivated in Sicily for some time, being documented from the time of Moorish rule. Although Arabs are credited to original planting lemons and bitter oranges in Sicily, the Genovese and Portuguese crusaders introduced the sweet variety, the Portogallo, in the fifteenth century.
When they met the health beneficial properties of fruit, Sicily began exporting oranges to the rest of the world. Sicilian citrus currently found in virtually all countries that allow import.


The red pigment of the Sanguine, the anthocyanin , is an antioxidant. The blood oranges can also reduce the risk of heart disease , some types of cancer and the accumulation of cholesterol, LDL. In addition, you can reduce the risk of cataracts , and helps the body’s healing process.
The blood oranges, like all citrus fruits are a good source of vitamin C : a normal orange provides 130% of the Dietary Reference consumption daily. It also provides 16% of the recommended daily intake of dietary fiber . Oranges can also be a valuable source of folic acid , calcium and vitamin A .


Some blood oranges can be somewhat bitter, while other types are sweet but keep the characteristic taste of chalk. Oranges can also be used to make jams , and its shell can be used in baking. A Sicilian salad is popular in winter Tarocco orange, sliced fennel, parsley and olive oil. Oranges can also be used to make gelato , sorbets and Italian sodas . The dressings are popular sanguine style vinaigrette, and sometimes used to flavor some beer.


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The red-orange/blood orange or red chalk is a variety of orange ( Citrus × Sinensis ) with dark red flesh, like juice raspberry. The degree of this coloration depends primarily on strong changes in temperature between day and night, as well as the variety. The flavor is significantly more acidic than ordinary orange. Depending on the variety, the size is slightly smaller, while the shell is slightly harder and harder to peel, but often the same texture and color can occasionally be more smooth and partially red. The distinctive dark red color of meat is due to the presence of anthocyanins, a family of pigments with properties antioxidants common in many flowers and fruit, but uncommon in citrus.
This type of orange is often described as a hybrid between the pomelo and the tangerine, but in reality, it is a mutation of the sweet orange, [2 ]which is itself a hybrid.
Within Europe, the Arancia Rossa di Sicilia (red-orange) has the status of Protected Geographical Indication .

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