Pruning and Maintainence of Fruit Trees


It is possible to give your tree a certain appearance by shaping it in a particular way using various pruning procedures. There are seven primary tree forms, each of which offers its own set of advantages under a certain set of circumstances. You may easily form the tree into any desired shape throughout the development of the tree by trimming away any branches that aren’t required, then tying the branches that you do want into the desired shape. However, in order to get some of the more complex forms, you will need to use similarly complex pruning processes. On this particular topic, a great number of books have been published.

In general, you should do all of the tying and trimming in the autumn if you want your tree to have a certain form and you are aiming to achieve this shape. As a result, the form will be more likely to persist, even if there will be no fruits produced at that point in time. There are a variety of contexts in which each of the forms may be put to extremely good use. Here is a selection of many categories of contours from which you may make your selection.

The standard trees don’t need much of an explanation. These are the most prevalent kind of trees, and they are usually what come to mind whenever you think of a forest or a forest tree. There is no particular shaping that has to be done in order to get this form with the shape. Simply let it grow as it will and trim it as you usually would, and, unless you have a tree that is abnormally malformed, the result should be a tree that looks like any other.

By doing some selective trimming on a typical tree, one may transform it into a bush tree. The form of the limbs remains the same, but the stem or trunk of the tree is considerably more condensed. If you want to plant trees but don’t want them to obscure your view, this can be a good option for you. For instance, from my home you can see the Rocky Mountains in all their splendor. Because I didn’t want to miss out on this breathtaking panorama, I trained my trees to grow in a bushy fashion.

There is a species of tree known as a cordon that you may not be acquainted with. There are no branches on it; it just has one main stem. Because of the angle at which it was planted, it forms an arch over the ground below it. During the course of its development, each and every branch is pruned away. The fact that they need a very tiny amount of space means that more may be crammed into a given area, which is one of the reasons why they are useful. The sole drawback is that each tree tends to provide a lesser quantity of fruit than other varieties.

Espalier trees are characterized by their growth pattern, which consists of a single upright stem in the middle and multiple horizontal branches on either side. These enable the planting of far longer rows of trees while maintaining a high level of fruit production. If you own an orchard, you most likely plant your trees in this configuration so that you can cram as many fruit trees as possible into the space you have.

The concept behind fan trees is same to that behind espaliered trees. The form, on the other hand, is a little bit different. They develop in the same fashion as a conventional tree, although they are only two dimensional rather than three dimensional. The primary vertical stem is the same, but the connecting branches are not horizontal. They are also employed to reduce space, and in certain cases, they are substituted for espaliered trees in the case of species of trees that thrive more when their branches are trained to slope downward.

The step-over espalier is yet another variation of the espalier. They are similar to a standard espalier, but they have just one horizontal branch that is placed rather low to the ground. They are very intriguing due to the fact that they may continue to produce delectable fruit while also functioning as a border for anything you want. My garden is surrounded by a fence that is made of step-over trees. In large part because to the fact that they resemble a fence that produces fruit, they are without a doubt my favorite kind of tree. What’s not to adore about it?

As you can see, each of these forms comes with its own own set of advantages as well as some drawbacks. If any of these seem like they could be a good match for your garden, you can ask the personnel at your local nursery for recommendations on reading material that will assist you in achieving the objectives that you have set for yourself. The majority of the time, shaping the tree into the form that is sought is a straightforward procedure that calls for nothing more than basic direction at the outset.

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